Response to Intervention (RTI) focuses on academics. It identifies kids who are struggling. And it provides increasing levels of support to help them catch up. Tier 1 is class-wide instruction and support. Ideally Tier 2 interventions are scheduled so students won’t miss any core instruction. The same is true for Tier 3.
The plan is school wide to help students develop and learn social, emotional, and behavioral competence, which then supports their academic achievement. Tier 1 encompasses all students in the school. Tier 1 lays out school wide expectations, how to walk in the halls, lunchroom behavior, dress codes, codes of conduct, classroom expectations, etc. Expectations for behavior are visible around the school building, explicitly taught, monitored and reinforced. Its goal is to create a positive, predictable, and safe environment for students.
A functional assessment is a process to identify the reason for behaviors, then utilize the information collected to work towards replacing those behaviors with more appropriate behaviors.
The process rests on the principals behavior modification and the ABC’s of behavior; Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. Simply stated, what happens before the behavior (antecedent) the behavior, and the consequence for the behavior. By understanding possible triggers for the behavior (antecedent) or consequences that may be supporting the behavior, ultimate the behavior can be modified for the best interest of the student.